NICOSIA – The Associated Press
Greek Cypriot President Nicos Anastasiades. AP photo
Turkey's input will be pivotal in overcoming key obstacles preventing a deal to reunify Cyprus, Greek
Cypriot President Nicos Anastasiades said on Nov. 4 ahead of crucial talks in Switzerland next week.
Anastasiades says he and Turkish Cypriot President Mustafa Akıncı have made significant progress on numerous issues making an envisioned federation workable. Those issues include ensuring the country's economic viability and the right of all citizens to live and work wherever they choose.
But he said it'll take the "resolute contribution" of Turkey and the Turkish Cypriot leadership to reach agreement on core issues such as security and how much territory either side will administer under an envisioned federal state.
Five days of intensive, U.N.-backed talks in the Swiss resort of Mont Pelerin will concentrate directly on territory issues. Officials say sufficient progress on this key issue would pave the way for a final summit to hammer out a comprehensive deal encompassing security matters.
"This is a critical juncture in the talks and he welcomes very much the fact that the two leaders have jointly expressed their hope that this meeting will pave the way for the last phase of the talks," U.N. spokesman Stephane Dujarric said in New York.
Anastasiades said progress in the talks means both sides must produce maps showing how much territory will fall in the administrative zone of each federal state.
The territorial component of a peace deal is crucial - Anastasiades said at least 100,000 Greek
Cypriots must reclaim homes and property lost in the war, which would bolster support for any deal, which will be put to a vote in both communities.
Anastasiades said in a televised news conference "there's no chance" he would accept moving onto a final phase of talks if no maps are produced.
But in a separate news conference, Akıncı said maps will only appear during final the phase of talks where Britain, Greece
and Turkey will join discussions to tackle the difficult issue of security.
Anastasiades ruled out allowing Turkey to retain any military intervention rights in Cyprus or to keep troops on the ground after a deal, something that Turkish Cypriots insist is crucial to their security.
"A European state has no need of either guarantors or occupation troops," Anastasiades said.
"Occupation troops may offer security for one community, but certainly they create insecurity of the other community," he said, adding that a beefed-up United Nations police force answering directly to the U.N. Security Council could provide ample security for both sides.
Akıncı suggested such security guarantees could be abolished in time, but not before Turkish Cypriots feel assured their security isn't compromised.
The Turkish Cypriot leader said all citizens could live where they choose in a reunified island, but only a fifth of Greek
Cypriots opting to live in the Turkish Cypriot-run zone would be granted voting rights there.
He said 8 billion euros ($8.87 billion) would be enough to cover the cost of an accord.
"This land is enough for all of us," Akıncı said, adding, "It would be a great same if we miss this historic opportunity."